Carbon fiber’s potential can go far beyond a solid piece of infrastructure, as the U.S. 7th Fleet and the Navy Warfare Development Command (NWDC) demonstrated this June. The Navy tested “Pandarra Fog,” a carbon fiber cloud that absorbs radar. The Navy tested the manmade clouds, called maritime obscurant generator prototypes, to measure their tactical effectiveness for preventing a missile from detecting and striking its target.

The multi-ship experiment took place in Guam. A device onboard the ship generates carbon fiber particles that are suspended in a cloud of smoke. The clouds can absorb or diffuse radar waves from incoming missiles for not only for the first ship that uses them, but potentially nearby friendly ships as well.

“Pandarra Fog showed the value of quickly bringing together scientific and joint forces to tackle our hardest warfighting problems,” said Antonio Siordia, U.S. 7th Fleet’s science advisor. “This isn’t just smoke or chaff, this is high tech obscurant which can be effective against an array of missile homing systems.”

Not only did the clouds showcase a significant level of effectiveness, the materials are environmentally friendly, and the systems are relatively inexpensive when compared to other countermeasures.

“We are developing a layered approach using a full spectrum of active and passive capabilities to give us the advantage,” said Capt. David Adams, who leads the 7th Fleet Warfighting Initiatives Group.